Tibet (Xizang), the Roof of the World, remained unknown to the world until the very beginning of the 20th century. The massive, snowy land has exerted an awesome draw to travelers and adventurers ever since. Its majestic and grand scenery, mysterious and exotic religious culture, and wonderful people reward every tourist with an unforgettable memory!
Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region, TAR for short) borders India, Burma, Bhutan, Sikkim, and Nepal. The plateau is surrounded by the highest mountain ranges; the Himalaya to the south, the Karakoram to the west, and the Kunlun to the north. Smaller mountain ranges block it off in the east with internal provinces of China.
With an average height of 4,000 meter above sea level, Tibet encompasses some of the world's highest mountains. The Mount Everest (Mt. Qomolangma) in the bordering area of China and Nepal is 8,848.13 meter tall, the highest peak in the world. 4 mountains exceed altitudes of 8,000 meter. 38 mountains exceed altitudes of 7,000 meter.
Tibet has a plateau climate featuring a remarkable change vertically and a big temperature change during the daytime and the night. The North Tibet Plateau is dry and cold. It has a low temperature, a long sunshine time, a strong radiation, less rainfalls and a small density of air.
Agriculture and Livestork are the economic pillars of Tibet, cultivating mainly sheep, goats and yaks, and growing mainly barley, wheat, potato and rape.
Also the region produces the famous medicinal such as musk, pilose antler and snow lotus, which enjoy a good reputation at home and abroad. Tibet leads the country in the deposits of hydropower and thermal power and ranks second in the solar energy in the world.
This "Roof of the World" is the dreamland of mountaineers and adventurers. The vast land is also the cradle of great rivers like the Yangtze, Yellow River, Nu River (Salween), Lancang River (Mekong), Yarlong Tsangpo (Brahmaputra), Indus, and Ganges. Tibet also offers awe-inspiring scenery of heavenly lakes and valleys.
Lhasa and Shigatse are the most visited areas which offer the most accessible religious monuments and tourist attractions. As the most important cities of Tibet, these cities feature most of the religious monuments including the Potala, the Jokhang Temple, Tashilhunpo Monastery, and Kumbum, as well as natural wonders including Mt. Everest and Yamdrok Yumtso Lake.
Western Tibet, Ngari, is a vast barren plateau and renowned as the Roof of Tibet. As the place where the sacred lake (Lake Manasarova) joins the sacred mountain (Mt. Kailash), Ngari is a holy pilgrimage destination of the Tibetans and Hindus, as well as a popular challenge to trekkers. The ancient Shang Shung Kingdom and Guge Kingdom also exert a pull.
Southwestern Tibet has been a popular destination for mountaineers. More than 40 snow capped peaks are open to mountain climbing enthusiasts. Southern Tibet offers snow capped mountains, primeval forests, running waters, and a relatively mild climate. The largest canyon in the world, Yarlong Tsangpo Canyon, is the home of rare species, and remains unknown to the foreigner.
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