china edition
 

 

Shanxi

Datong - Pingyao - Taiyuan

Basic Information
Area: 156,000 sq. kilometer
Capital: Taiyuan
Population: 32.9 Million

Shanxi belonged to Jin State in the spring and autumn Period, so it is abbreviated in Jin. Shanxi is one of the birth places of Chinese civilizations with a long history and traditional culture. As early as 100 million years ago, the ancestors of the Chinese lived and propagated in this region. Legend tells us that the Yellow Emperor, founder of the Chinese nation, once lived in Shanxi for a certain period. Today, many Neolithic sites from that period can still be seen dotted across the vast expanse of the province.

ShanxiShanxi Province got its name due to its location to the west of Taihang Mountain. Shanxi neighbored on Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It is located to the east of the Yellow River, and is also known as Hedong.

Shanxi is endowed with an abundance of cultural sites from its long history. Most of the ancient structures were built before the Liao and Song Dynasties. So it is the reason why Shanxi is often called the "Chinese Ancient Architecture Museum".

The more obvious of these include: the Buddhist wonder of the Yungang Caves in Datong City, the ancient city of Pingyao which was listed as a World Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO in 1997, the oldest and tallest ancient wooden pagoda in China, the Wooden Pagoda of Yingxian County and the remote Shuanglin and Jinci Temples, which are well worth the long journeys for the visitors.

Of course, there are a number of natural magnificent and beautiful places that can also be seen in Shanxi. The most famous of them include Mt. Wutai with the longest and most prestigious history in the 4 most well-known Buddhist holy lands of China, the whistling rage of the Yellow River's Kettle Spout waterfalls (Hukou Waterfalls) and one of the Five Sacred Mountains in China; Mt Hengshan.