china edition
 

 

Xian

Shaanxi - Yan'an

Ba Xian'an Monastery
Banpo Village remains
Bell and Drum Tower
Big Wild Goose Pagoda
City Wall
Daxingshan Temple
Famen Temple
Forest of Stone Steles Museum
Great Mosque
Green Dragon Temple
Huaqing Hot Springs
Maoling Mausoleum
Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang
Mt. Huashan
Provincial History Museum
Qianling Tomb
Small Wild Goose Pagoda
Tang Dynasty Dinner Show
Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses
Tomb of Crown Prince Yide
Tomb of Huo Qubing
Tomb of Prince Zhanghuai
Tomb of Princess Yongtai
Xianyang Museum
Xingjiao Temple
Zhaoling Tomb

Called Chang'an in ancient times, Xian is one of the birthplaces of the ancient civilization in the Yellow River Basin area of the country. Today Xian is the political, economic and cultural center of Northwest China. During Xian's 3,100 year development, 13 dynasties such as Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang placed their capitals here. So far, Xian enjoys equal fame with Athens, Cairo, and Rome as one of the 4 major ancient civilization capitals.

Xian is the capital of Shaanxi province, located in the southern part of the GuanZhong Plain. With the Qinling Mountains to the north and the Weihe River to the south, it is in a favorable geographical location surrounded by water and hills.

Xian covers an area of 16,808 square kilometer and has a population of 6 million, with 3.5 million in urban area. People who live here are mainly Han, Hun, Manchu and Mongols.

The cultural and historical significance of the area, as well as the abundant relics and sites, help Xian enjoy the title of "Natural History Museum". The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses is praised as "the 8th major miracle of the world", Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang is listed on the World Heritage List, and the City Wall of the Ming dynasty is the largest and most intact Ming dynasty castle in the world.

In the city, there is the 3,000 year old Banpo Village Remains from the Neolithic Age, and the Forest of Stone Steles that holds 3,000 stone steles of different periods from the Han dynasty to the Qing dynasty.

Around Xian, the Famen Temple enjoys the reputation of being the "forefather of pagodas and temples in Central Shaanxi", because it holds the finger bones of Sakyamuni; the founder of Buddhism. The natural landscape around Xian is also marvelous. Huashan, as one of the 5 best-known mountains in China, is famous for its breath-taking cliffs and its unique characteristics.

Xian is the most important city in northwest China, and so there are a lot of shopping outlets for locals and tourists alike. There are many big shopping centers, department stores and supermarkets in and around Xian city; the biggest and most comprehensive being Kai Yuan Shopping Mall and Century Ginwa Shopping Mall.