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Liaoning

Dalian - Shenyang

Basic Information
Area: 150,000 sq. kilometer
Capital: Shenyang
Population: 41 Million

Liaoning Province, often called "the Golden Triangle" because of its superior geographical location, includes boundaries on the Yellow Sea, the Bohai Gulf, and the Yalu River, which makes Liaoning the closest gateway to the Korean Peninsula. As the southernmost province of the 3 provinces in northeast China, Liaoning Province's proximity to the sea has given it commercial and strategic advantages throughout its history.

LiaoningLiaoning's northeastern and western parts are rolling hills and forests. Its central part is the boundless Liaohe Plain. Its southern part is the Liaodong Peninsula. Its western part is the Liaoxi Corridor along the beach of the Bohai Sea.

Dalian, Dandong, Yingkou, Jinzhou, Huludao, and Xingcheng are beautiful coastal cities, with 7 national-level, 9 provincial-level and 7 municipal-level scenic Areas.

Liaoning is abundant with rich resources of hot springs, such as Tanggangzi in Anshan, Wulongbei in Dandong, Xingcheng in Huludao, Wenquansi in Benxi, and Tanghe in Liaoyang.

Liaoning has a long history. Traces of human activities more than 300,000 years ago have been found here. Some 5,000 years ago, Liaoning was the most developed area for Chinese civilization. During 221 BC through 1911 AD, Liaoning was a political, economic and military center in northeast China, leaving behind many historical sites, such as the temporary palace of Emperor Qin Shihuang, the Great Wall at Jiumenkou, the well-preserved ancient city of the Ming dynasty at Xingcheng, the imposing royal palaces and mausoleums of the Qing dynasty, the sites of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 and of Japanese-Russian War, and the prison where Pu Yi, China's last emperor, was reformed.

Liaoning has a population of 41 million, the majority of whom are the Han people. There are 43 ethnic groups, including the Manchus, Mongolians, Huis, Koreans, and Xibes, making up 15% of Liaoning's total population. Most of the ethnic groups have their own language, and live a different lifestyle.