Jingzhou, located near the middle reaches of Yangtze River, is in the center of Jianghan Plain. To the east is Wuhan, the capital city of Hebei Province, to the west Yichang and the Three Gorges, to the south Hunan Province and to the north Jingmen, another city in Hubei Province.
Jingzhou enjoys a long history and ancient civilization. With the old name of Jiangling, Jingzhou is one of the 24 famous cities of culture history published by the State Council. The city is regarded in archaeology and tourism "a rare complete ancient city in south China". Jingzhou was made famous by Three Kingdom battles.
In ancient times, Jingzhou was a major centre governing 9 divisions. It was the capital of the Chu State during the Spring and Autumn period (722-481 BC) and again for several regional states during the Southern and Northern dynasties and the Five dynasty.
Jingzhou's old town is encircled by a wall built by General Guanyu when he defended Jingzhou during the Three Kingdom period (220-280AD). The walls are 10 kilometer long, 10 m thick, and have 6 gates and a moat.
The national economy of Jingzhou is developing in every aspect and the city has great comprehensive economic strength. The main agricultural and sideline products grown in Jingzhou play an important part in Hubei Province and China. The industry in Jingzhou has begun to take shape. A complete industrial system with textile, chemistry, auto parts, food, building material, construction, electronics and metallurgy is already formed.
Being an experimental city for the national comprehensive reform and an opening city along the Yangtze River, the investment environment of Jingzhou is perfect. In the city there are built the Shashi Airport, the Shashi Port of Yangtze River and Yihuang Highway. With Customs and Commodity Inspection Institution, Jingzhou provides convenience for direct import and export.
Jingzhou Museum is a local historic museum with an area of 100,000 square m. Now the museum has the departments of archaeology, displaying and cultural relic preservation. The archaeologists in Jinzhou Museum mainly unearth, research and display the ancient cultural relics in Yangtze River area and Han River area.
There is a rich collection of arts and antiques, among which the most famous are the relics in Old Stone Age and New Stone Age, the antiques in East Zhou dynasty and those of Qin and Han dynasty.
The masterpieces are the jadeware, the pottery carvings from Shijiahe, the silk fabrics and the lacquerware of Chu, a nation in Warring States Period (475 BC-221 BC).
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