china edition
 

 

Gansu

Dunhuang - Jiayuguan - Lanzhou - Wuwei - Xiahe - Zhangye

Basic Information
Area: 450,000 sq. kilometer
Capital: Lanzhou
Population: 23.7 Million

Gansu Province is located in the middle part of the Silk Road between Xinjiang Uygur autonomous Region and Shanxi Province in the Northwest China.

Proud of its long history, Gansu is one of the cradles of Chinese ancient civilization. It is the birthplace of Fu Xi, the Chinese ancestor well known for its great inventions in Eight-digram, characters and calendar. The initial farming also appeared here in earlier Zhou period, 3,000 years ago. The cultural relics in Ganzu fall mainly into the Neolithic culture, the Yellow River culture, and the Great Wall culture representing the history of the civilization of the Chinese people for 8000 year. Meanwhile, the Silk Road culture in Gansu has drawn attention from other parts.

Gansu has always been a must along the Silk Road, and an important thoroughfare of culture and trade between China and the west. Over the past 2000 year, from the loess plateau in the east to the Gobi-desert in the west, there had been groups of famous figures like envoy Zhang Qian, mond Xuan Zang and Marco Polo advancing through mountains and over rivers.

Gansu is reputed as the Golden Section along the road, and regarded as "The Hometown of Grotto Arts". The most popular ones are Mogao Grottoes, Maijiashan Grottoes and Bingling Si Grottoes. In addition, there are many attractive historical sites along the Silk Road, such as temples, monasteries, Great Wall, towers, pagodas, tablets and ancient castles.

The majestic and charming natural scenery in Gansu, include the endliess plateau prairie, vast expanse of Gobi-desert, magnificent loess plateau and grotesque Danxia landform as well as snow-capped mountains.

Gansu Province is rich in mixed cultures of Budddhism, Islam, Christiannity, Confucionism and Taoism due to its position along the Silk Road, there from many religious cultural relics have become major component of the Silk Road culture, and ethnic groups like Tibetan, Hui, Uygur and Mongolian carry one civilization and their colorful folklore will enliven the Silk Road tour.